Table CRT4.1 shows the Small Island States distribution of year four reading scores against the PILNA reading proficiency scale. This scale converts a student’s reading performance into a level ranking from zero to eight. The expected minimum reading performance for year four students is proficiency level four. Pacific stakeholders expect these students to reach or exceed this proficiency level.
The average performance of year four students in Small Island States in reading was 454.23 (SD = 113.75). This corresponds to proficiency level three on the PILNA reading proficiency scale (level three is assigned to scores 437.5–462.5). On average, year four students in Small Island States are not meeting the minimum expected standard in reading.