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Student difficulties

Get to know » Difficulties

The PILNA 2021 student questionnaire collected information about difficulties students experienced beyond well-being. Specifically, the questionnaire asked students to respond to statements about their ability to learn, manage themselves, and navigate their environment. Their responses highlight the learning support needs in the region.

Students were provided with a list of situations and were asked to indicate whether they had any difficulty with them. The situations were framed around physical, cognitive, and behavioural challenges, such as seeing, hearing, managing behaviour and walking. The responses they could give were ‘No difficulty’, ‘A little difficulty’, ‘A lot of difficulty’, or ‘I cannot do it at all’.

Proportions of students experiencing challenges

Table STT1.10 lists the challenges to student learning measured by the questionnaire. This table also shows the proportions of year four and year six students who reported these as either ‘A lot of difficulty’ or ‘I cannot do this at all’. This allows us to identify the proportion of students on whom these factors posed a severe burden.

Overall, the distribution of students reporting at least ‘A lot of difficulty’ across the eight items was relatively concentrated. For both year four students and year six students, the proportions of students reporting at least ‘A lot of difficulty’ across the items was between 9% and 27%.
The most frequent difficulty was ‘Controlling your behaviour’ (year four, 27%; year six, 22%). This was followed by ‘Concentrating and focusing your attention’ (year four, 23%; year six, 20%) and ‘learning or remembering things’ (year four, 22%; year six, 20%).

Table STT1.10

Percentage of students with difficulties

Percentage of students with difficulties
  • Standard errors appear in parentheses.

These findings can be compared with teachers’ responses to a similar set of items (Student difficulties reported by the teacher). Not all the items were the same but there are interesting comparisons that can be made for the items about controlling their behaviour, concentrating and focusing their attention.

What does this mean?

A large proportion of students in Small Island States are experiencing behavioural and cognitive challenges related to learning and school environments in general. Nearly one out of four students across both year four and six are finding it difficult to concentrate and, relatedly, finding it difficult to control their behaviour. Smaller proportions of students are experiencing difficulties with sensory or physical tasks. These findings can inform learning support activities in Small Island States.