Slightly more year four boys than girls in Small Island States had their performance analysed in the PILNA 2021 numeracy assessment: 480 girls and 532 boys.
Figure CNF4.4 shows the average numeracy performance of year four students in Small Island States by gender. Year four girls scored higher than year four boys in all numeracy areas, including the overall numeracy score. This was consistent with the scores in PILNA 2015 and 2018, as seen in Figure CNF4.4.1, when year four girls, on average, scored higher than year four boys in all numeracy areas, including the overall numeracy score. Further statistical testing needs to be done to understand if these differences in scores are significant or the result of chance or outliers.