On average, teachers reported that 27% of year four students and 34% of year six students had their own literacy textbooks. For numeracy the numbers were higher with 30% of year four and 36% of year six students having their own numeracy textbooks. So, about a third of students across the year levels had access to a personal textbook.
In contrast, about four out of ten year four students either had no literacy or numeracy textbook or only the teacher had a textbook. This finding was lower for year six students. About three out of ten year six students either had no literacy or numeracy textbook or only the teacher had a textbook. A significant proportion of students had no easy access to textbooks to study from.
There were also large variances seen at a country level. In PILNA 2021 participating countries, the proportions of students having their own literacy and numeracy textbooks ranged from 0% to 87% for year four students while for year six students, this variance was even higher, ranging from 0% to 100%.
The full range of teacher responses by literacy, numeracy, and year level is shown in Table RCTT#1.